Friday, December 07, 2007

All about Gold Exploration Staking Mining Claims and The Flies

The prospector has always been the work horse for mineral exploration. Both in yesterday and today. Prospectors were and still are the men and women that are in the field locating the ground that looks promising for mineral deposits .

Be it staking a mining claim, blazing a path for others to follow or cracking the rocks to find the secrets contained, prospectors do the backbone work and help to reveal the mineral worth of our mother earth.

The prospectors of the past worked hard for the opportunity to benefit from their months of isolation and hardships. Hardships they encountered by working in areas of the country that were uncharted or at best isolated and unmapped and without rapid transportation.

Those folks used canoes, dog teams, and walking, traveling many miles to explore the vast reaches of our country. The goal was to find minerals. Some lived to see “their find” become a mine, others were not so lucky.

In Canada and Manitoba of the past many a prospector left a town, rail link or trail, armed with pack sack, a grubstake and the ambition to go out in the bush and search for the next new discovery. They went into areas of our country that were wilderness, unexplored, uncharted and undiscovered. They went with iron well and determination.

Much of what those pioneers worked to achieve was ground breaking and instrumental at the time, and resulted in the finding of “the riches mines in history”

Today the modern prospector can utilize new technologies like GPS navigation, satellite mapping, in field communication, and other technologies, along with ATV”s, Snow sleds, Swamp buggies, helicopters and numerous other forms of transportation, to get were you need to be.

Here is a Video clip about flies. Every prospector past, present and future has had to live with the flies!

Thursday, November 22, 2007

Manitoba Mining Convention 2007

This years convention was a great success. While there I met up with old friends and made many new ones. Attendance was up and so was the interest in the minerals and opportunities that Manitoba has to offer.

Most exhibitors that I spoke with all agreed that interest in gold and base metal properties and projects is at an all time high. Convention delegates where in attendance from across Canada and from numerous other countries.

Given the recent run up in gold prices and the continual solid performance of metals, it's no wonder that attendance was up considerably from last year. Add to that the fact that Manitoba is considered number 1 in the world for mining policies, along with the stable political climate it's not hard to determine why mining exploration and development is reaching new levels.

Friday nights gala affair was indeed a highlight event, with a splendid meal, great entertainment and an atmosphere of excitement.

Thanks to all that helped to make it a convention to remember.

Saturday, June 02, 2007

Mining is a fundamental part of life.

The slogan of the Manitoba Prospectors and Developers Association Inc. is “If it Can't Be Grown It Has To Be Mined” That is a very short sentence but one of significant importance. Think about it, most of what we use has been derived from minerals that had to be mined, processed and manufactured into goods. Minerals and Mining are a fundamental part of life. Mining next to Agriculture is the oldest of industries and it follows the flow of civilization.

I recently read a very interesting Article by Doug Hadfield the Chief Editor of the Resourcex Investor newsletter. In his Article “ An Introduction to Mining and Mining Investment” he points out that It’s increasingly difficult to supply enough gold, uranium, nickel, copper, fuel to millions added each year to the middle class. I have reprinted the article below with permission under ArticlesBase guidelines.

Resourcex Reports: an Introduction to Mining and Mining Investment

Author: Doug Hadfield

By Doug Hadfield, Senior Editor,

An astute investor once said, “If it’s not grown, it has to be mined.” It’s a phrase of gigantic proportions and far-reaching consequences, when you think about it. From the knob on your television to the zipper in your trousers, most of what we possess was first explored for, extracted from the earth, smelted and finally manufactured. As such, mining is, next to agriculture, the oldest of mankind’s industries.

The first mining occurred some 450,000 years ago during the Stone Age. At this time, humans barely scratched the surface of the earth for minerals to forge implements such as flints for hunting and countless other purposes.

Interestingly, the history of mining to some extent parallels the history of civilization. Many epochs are identified by the minerals associated with them. For example, the Bronze Age, from 4000 to 5000 BC; the Iron Age, from 1500 to 1780 AD; and the Steel Age, from 1780 to 1945.

We now live in the Nuclear Age (1945 – present), which recent events prove is only just beginning. Though few are aware of it, there are 435 nuclear reactors in 30 countries, which in 2006 provided 16% of the world’s electricity. According to Australia’s Uranium Information Center (, at least 10 countries are building or are planning to build nuclear reactors, with more than 60 in the planning stages, and 150 proposed. Greenhouse gas emissions and global warming, along with the likelihood of peak oil putting upward pressure on established energy prices and eventually knocking out supply – these have conspired to put nuclear back on the global agenda, regardless of what environmentalists have to say about it.

In this sense, all of mining is an imperative. While it is true that mining investment is essentially a series of “supercycles” (marked by 10 years or more of bull market conditions), we are currently in the midst of the most significant bull market in the history of modern economies. Never before have global supply and demand fundamentals exerted such pressure on the price and availability (or lack thereof) of mineral commodities.

To put it simply, we are entering an era of scarcity. It’s increasingly difficult to supply enough gold, uranium, nickel, copper, fuel and so on to the millions that are added to the world’s (read: Chinese and Indian) middle class each year. During the period 1980 to 2000, China’s GDP quadrupled, resulting in an incredible boom in its middle class that still goes on today. And what do middle class people do? They watch TV, drive cars, and wear jewelry. In short, they consume, and, as I stated earlier, everything that is not grown must be mined.

Mining today is seeing incredible land staking, particularly in the newly burgeoning uranium exploration industry. I spend about an hour every day scanning the TSX Venture exchange press releases. As such, I can tell you at any point in the year what companies are reporting about. And today – these days – the vast majority of uranium exploration companies are reporting land acquisitions, optioning properties and very early stage exploration.

The reason that exploration companies are presently buying up land in a frenzy, with uranium and nickel showing lots of early stage reporting, while gold has numerous late stage assays, etc., is central to understanding investing in the industry. Mining is cyclical. Demand rises, the price goes up. New production comes on-stream, the price goes down.

What caused the present supercycle – and there have only been three in history – was a combination of events: extended increase in demand (fueled by sustained population and economic growth) and a slowdown in supply during the previous crash in commodities prices, exacerbated by the depletion of most of the world’s “easy” reserves. Add to this mix the volatile variable known as speculation, and you just never know when this bull will stop for a breather.

Evidence of the present supercycle permeates both the mining world and our global economy. For example, the price of gold is riding high at approximately $685 per ounce, but not as high as it was in January 1980, when gold reached a high of $850/oz. Yet the British metals consulting firm GFMS recently said that the highest average gold price for any year ever – $614.50 per ounce in 1980 – will be beaten this year. Sustained elevated prices sound the supercycle siren.

Further evidence of the supercycle comes in the form of a publication from Deutsche Bank entitled “China’s Commodity Hunger”, which forecasted an increase in Chinese import demand at least until 2020. The report projects that import demand growth rates for commodities such as oil, coal, iron ore, copper and manganese will continue to grow by double digits for more than a decade.

So what does all this mean to investors? Two things: First, the next ten years or so will see unprecedented sums of money made (and lost) by those who invest in mining companies. Second, if the previous point interests you, now is the time to learn about mining, because the better you understand the industry, the better armed you will be when making important investment decisions.

Most analysts will tell you that the sagacious independent investor invests the bulk of his or her savings in established mining companies with large scale production activities. This is true: junior exploration companies do not enjoy the same insulation from market fluctuations as companies with established reserves. Exploration companies like the ones Resourcex Investor researches rely on the acumen of their management team, the ability to raise substantial capital to fund exploration activities and, believe it or not, a great deal of luck.

Yet, along with the inherent risk associated with exploration companies, there is also no question that exploration companies enjoy the greatest potential for reward. The top ten venture stocks in’s 2007 newsletters to date have enjoyed an average ROI of 226% in about six months.

Perhaps the one constant in all the epochs that have passed since the dawn of organized mining is the sequence of activities that comprise the life of a mine. Understanding the five stages of a mine is essential to anyone considering investing in mining companies: Prospecting, exploration, development, exploitation and reclamation.

One pitfall that novice investors frequently experience is excess optimism about investments that they haven’t done proper “due diligence” on and/or don’t understand. If you were to put all the names of the world’s mineral exploration companies in a hat, you could pick 1000 before pulling out a winner. By doing due diligence on each prospective investment, by understanding the stage each is at, who the company employs and what they are looking for, there is much profit to be made.


About the Author:
Doug Hadfield is the Chief Editor of the Resourcex Investor, an internationally distributed newsletter specializing in identifying as-yet-undiscovered resource companies representing the best in their class. For more information, visit the website

Wednesday, May 30, 2007

Where there is a Quartz Vein- Is There Gold?

There is a picture at the bottom of this page. It was taken on a newly staked mineral claim in the Rice Lake Greenstone Belt of Manitoba. It's a picture on a vein exposed on the surface in an outcrop on the shoreline of a lake. In that picture I am leaning on a section of that vein. It is composed of Quartz and a few other things. (assays will tell)

We were propecting a section of the property and discovered this. There are not a whole lot of places that you can see a vein this size that is exposed enough to get a real idea of it's size.

That feature was formed as the result of fluids flowing into a good sized crack in the host rock and it seems that it altered the rock into which it formed. There is a shear zone to the left.

Friday, May 25, 2007

Following the Boulder Train

Following the Boulder Train
This book is full of remarkable life histories of legendary prospectors who made fortunes but couldn't take enough time away from bushwhacking to enjoy them and of others who enjoyed them too much, making and losing so many fortunes they can't remember them all. The book offers memorable insights into the driven, obsessed world of mineral exploration and the mining industry in BC.

Editorial Reviews
Miningis BC's second largest industry but you'd never know it to visit any BC bookstore. Books on logging, fishing, and tourism are there in
abundance, but the subject of mining is practically untouched. As Tom
Henry proves beyond a doubt in this lively volume, it is not for any
lack of wonderful stories about the men and women who have been bitten
by the rock-chipping bug over the years. Henry ctually took a course in
exploration geology and experienced first hand the unique way of
looking at the world peculiar to mineral hunters. Every rock is an
"outcrop" with a story to tell about the forces that formed the local
landscape, and what mineral treasures may be hidden beneath.

This and other Gold Prospecting Resource Books can be found here

Note: This isn't a book about propsecting in Manitoba but minerals know NO boundries and this is a great read no matter where you propsect for gold, be it Russia, the Yukon, California, Manitoba, Newfoundland, Nevada or in any other place

Wednesday, May 23, 2007

Manitoba Mining Week

This is Provincial Mining Week in Manitoba.

If you are looking to Dig Up Some Fun check out the free activities down at The Forks in Winnipeg. These are activities enjoyed by children and adults alike. It's a real family exploration affair.

Thursday, May 24 (9:30 a.m. to 6:30 p.m.)

Friday, May 25 (9:30 a.m. to 8:00 p.m.)

Saturday, May 26 (9:30 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.)

Some of the activities

- Pan for gold with Yukon Dan, champion gold panner – leave no stone unturned as you play prospector for a day

- Stump the Rock Doc – bring a neat rock, talk to the Doc

- Be a rockhound – collect your own fossil and mineral samples

- Check out the equipment used for exploration and extraction of minerals

- See the demos – watch how the experts cut and polish precious stones

- Trace the past – see Manitoba's rich mining history from the 1800s to the present

- Examine mineral samples and the many products you use that contain minerals

- Test your mining I.Q. – spin the wheel, answer a question and win a prize!

- Picture yourself as a mine worker – have CVRD Inco Limited take your photo as a scooptram operator

- Enter free Draws to win prizes

- Talk with experienced prospectors from the Manitoba Prospectors and Developers Association Inc.

and Lots more.

Last year the Provincial Mining Week has a huge success. Thousands of people visited The Forks. For more information contact: 204-945-6569 or toll-free 1-800-223-5215

What a great way to learn about minerals and fossils and have fun at the same time!

Images from Mining Week 2006

Tuesday, May 22, 2007

Claim Staking and Prospecting Services

Finding a good claim staking and prospecting crew in Manitoba, that isn't totally booked up, is getting hard. That's why an experienced group has put together a crew offering the following services.

The Group

Central Consolidated Resources (CCR) is a privately owned Manitoba company based in Selkirk. CCR is provides a variety of services to the construction and mineral exploration industries . The company owners and staff have many years experience in general building, leveling - building moving and specialized construction.
CCR has assembled a crew of experience mineral prospectors, bush workers and office staff to provide services to the mineral exploration industry.

Mineral Exploration Industry Services

- Mineral claim staking.
- Claim filing including map - sketches, descriptions and GPS coordinates
- Base and grid Line cutting and setup
- Bush cutting for road or trail access
- Line renewal and picketing – chained, GPS
- Prospecting – rock and soil sampling
- Labor crew and equipment provision
- Job supervision and reporting
- Mineral properties for option or sale

Construction Services

- New building construction and additions - houses, cottages and shops
- Building renovations including lifting, leveling, joist and beam replacement or repair
- Foundation repairs or replacement, new foundations and basements
- Building – house, cottage winterizing – conversions
- Custom building and carpentry services
- Building moving and new site setup
- Remote and rural construction for buildings and camps
- Portable building sales and erecting - fabric or custom built wood – metal structures

Contact Information

Tel: 204-785-9995 Cell: 204-785-0331

Sunday, May 06, 2007

New Canadaian Gold Coin Is Worth $2.4 Million

Are you a Gold Coin collector? A Serious collector?

Then you need to read about this monster.

The Royal Canadian Mint unveiled a welcome addition, on Thursday, a monster gold coin with a face value of C$1 million (U.S. $903,000). The Mint says this is the world's biggest, purest and highest denomination coin.

You can't argue with that! and Don't expect to keep one in your keepsake box unless you have a trunk, this coin weighs 100 kg's (220 lbs) and is the size of an extra large pizza.

Measuring 53 centimetres and over 3 cm thick, the monster coin is also handcrafted showing the Canadian Maple leaf on the face and the words Canada Fine Gold Gold 100kg.

The the new Mint Gold coins are adorned with a maple leaf and boast 99.999 percent purity, a notch above previous purity peaks of 99.99 percent.

"Since the Royal Canadian Mint upped the ante on the rest of the world in 1982, by raising the purity of gold bullion to four nines pure (99.99 percent) other nations have come on the scene ... Austria, the United States, and Australia being the case in point," said mint spokesman Alex Reeves.

What a coin to have. I think that the price of Gold is going to rise much more in the future. What do you think a coin like this would be worth in say 10 years from now? Leave a comment tell me what you think.

News Story

Friday, May 04, 2007

Manitoba Prospecting Rice Lake Greenstore Belt

We took some pictures while prospecting for gold in the Stormy lake area of Manitoba.
The first one is of a hill (cliff) almost fully covered with a sheet of quartz combination.

This is a very interesting formation. There is a vein located at the bottom of the cliff that appears to be part of the same vein exposed on the cliff. The cliff is about 6 meters high and is exposed over near 100 meters. Any thoughts?

The above picture is of an old trench made to expose a vein on the same claim. We took samples and are awaiting assays. Earlier samples (near the trench) from an exposed vein returned over 14 grams per tonne AU.

We are also pleased to announce that we now offer claim staking, line cutting and prospecting services to the mining industry in Manitoba. Recently numerous industry people have told us that such services are hard to obtain due to a shortage of knowledgeable persons willing to do the work.

We have now assembled a crew and equipment and have begun some projects. If you wish to inquire about our services email aquafarms(at) or call 204-785-9995 for information.

Wednesday, March 21, 2007

Manitoba Rated Best in the World on Mining Policies

As a Manitoba prospector it is warming to see that our province has been ranked number one in the world for it's mineral policies. I am happy to see the province and our industry recieve the attention and recognition.

Excerts from Manitoba News Release

March 6, 2007


Manitoba has been rated as having the best policy environment in the world for mining investment based on the results of the latest Fraser Institute survey, Science, Technology, Energy and Mines Minister Jim Rondeau announced today.

“We have worked closely with stakeholders to develop an investment climate that will attract exploration and development, and create mutually beneficial opportunities.” said Rondeau. “Our formula of strong incentives combined with rich resources and a comprehensive geological database continue to be solid economic drivers for Manitoba’s mining sector. While we have consistently ranked among the top jurisdictions, we welcome this number one rating for the first time.”

“Manitoba has the political stability that many other jurisdictions don’t offer,” said Dale Ginn, CEO of San Gold Corporation. “Companies are attracted to Manitoba because of its policies for mineral investment that make it one of the best places in the world to explore.”

The Fraser Institute’s annual survey asks mining company executives to provide opinions about the investment attractiveness of 65 jurisdictions around the world on every continent except Antarctica.

The mission of the institute, an independent research and educational organization, is to measure, study, and communicate the impact of competitive markets and government intervention on the welfare of individuals.

Full Story Link


Tuesday, March 20, 2007

Gold Mining In Manitoba - History

Gold was first discovered in Manitoba by William Molson on the north shore of a lake that today is called Molson Lake. Molson was part of a geological survey in 1872 and mentioned the a discovery of gold in that area. It was not until 1896 that the first claims were staked in the West Hawk Lake area.

During that time a farmer / prospector named Loucks, also traveled by canoe from Prince Albert Saskatchewan to Reed lake Northern Manitoba and staked out some mineral claims. Loucks removed samples valued at $9 gold, the gold price was $20.67 per once at that time.

From The Manitoba Historical Society Website

“””South-eastern Manitoba may he able to claim that it was one of the first areas in the Province to record the discovery of gold but it cannot claim to be the first gold producer.

Reference has already been made to the Loucks' discovery at Reed Lake in 1896, but it may be said that the first systematic search in the area north of The Pas, begun in 1907, culminated in the discovery of the Kiski-Wekusko claims at Herb (Wekusko) Lake in 1914 by Richard Woosey and M. J. Hackett. Parties had moved into the area north-westward from Ontario and north-east from Saskatchewan.

The first recorded production was that of 1917 when a shipment of 28 1/2 tons of gold quartz ore was made from the Moosehorn claim to Trail, B.C., the average return being $91 a ton. (Authors note: That's real high grade considering the price of gold during that time)

The discovery of gold at Herb Lake in 1914 and of copper ore at Flin Flon in 1915 soon attracted attention to the mineral possibilities of Northern Manitoba, and this was stirred again by the discovery of a high-grade copper deposit at the Mandy property in the fall of 1915; and there for the first time a diamond drill was used at a Manitoba mine. The Rex claim at Herb Lake was the first to have a mill installed and became the second gold producer of the area using the amalgamation process to recover the gold from the ore.

In the period 1917-1927 most of the gold produced in Manitoba came from the Mandy mine at Schist Lake and the Rex (later the Laguna) mine at Herb Lake. Small productions were recorded from the Gold Pan, the Kingfisher, and the Selkirk properties of the Rice Lake area.

Owing to its rich character and the high price of copper, for it was in war- time, the Mandy quickly became a producer. It is also recorded that the first diamond drill to be used in Manitoba was put to work at the Mandy in 1915.

Mining of the ore followed development of the orebody and in the years 1917 to 1920, 25,000 tons of ore, averaging $91 a ton in recoverable metal, were mined hauled 40 miles in winter by sleighs to Sturgeon Landing, then shipped by barge 130 miles on Saskatchewan River to The Pas, and thence 1,200 miles by railroad to the smelter at Trail, B.C.

At one time as many as 300 teams of horses were used in the winter hauling of ore from the Mandy mine. Some idea of the remoteness of the mine in the 1917-1920 days may be gathered from the records in that Mandy ore was not smelted at Trail until a year after it left the mine.

In its three years of operation something over $2,000,000 was recovered from the Mandy ore.

Thursday, March 08, 2007

Manitoba Mining History

This is the first in a series of posts presenting information on the History of Mining in Manitoba Canada. As Gold is a favorite subject of mine I choose to blog about Manitoba Gold Mining first. Recently San Gold Corporation (SGR) has reopened and modernized what was once known as the San Antonio Mine at Rice Lake, now known as the Rice Lake Mine and a second new mine known as SG#1. SGR is actively exploring for new deposits within the Rice Lake Greenstone belt and have been successful in finding several additional gold deposits and prospects within close proximity to the rice lake mine and the companies modern milling facility. With two mines already producing and success in finding new deposits the future for gold mining in the Rice Lake area looks promising.

Some History of The San Antonio Mine
From Manitoba Historical Society

In May 1910 E. A. Pelletier, of the Royal Canadian Northwest Mounted Police, resigned from the force and turned to prospecting, north and east of Norway House. While en route south by boat on one occasion he met Charles A. Bramble, associated with the Great Northern Gold Mines Limited (incorporated 1908) which held claims near the Hole River Indian Reserve-staked by Arthur Quesnel, Charles A. Bramble, Louis Simard, Allan Meade and John Potvin. Bramble told Pelletier of the favourable geological formation in the area, which prompted him to leave the boat at the mouth of Wanipigow (Hole) River, to prospect east to Wanipigow Lake. Next he worked south to the mouth of Manigotogan (Bad Throat) River where he met Arthur Quesnel at his trading post, and was informed of the mineralized areas along the river. In a very short time Pelletier discovered, staked the Ojibway claim and proceeded to Winnipeg to record the claim and organize the Ojibway Syndicate which included T. L. Cartwright, OF. L. Crosby, A. C. Gray, John Kitchen, W. A. Munro, J. W. Sifton, W. L. Roblin, G. OF. C. Pousette, and A. Murray S. Ross.

Returning to the claim with some mineral samples he had obtained in Montreal, Pelletier indicated to various trappers in the area what regions appeared favourable for the occurrence of gold. Travelling east along the Manigotogan River, after freeze-up of 1910, with a trapper, Alex Spence, he met Duncan Twohearts, an Indian trapper, who had some rock samples in his possession.

One of these proved of interest as it contained arsenopyrite, but it did not belong to the area in which Twohearts was working. However the Indian was attracted by Pelletier's sample and said he would keep on the lookout for gold quartz similar to what had been shown to him.

Pelletier and Spence continued their journey to (Big) Rice Lake where the latter had a winter camp. There Pelletier was impressed with the favourable appearance of the rock formation and spent a month before returning to the Ojibway claim. In the meantime Twohearts had sent some samples to Arthur Quesnel. When Pelletier saw these he thought so well of one particular sample that arrangements were made to investigate its source.

With two dog teams, a party set out from the Manigotogan post and at Turtle Lake the attractive sample of quartz was shown to Twohearts who said through an interpreter, Johnny Woods, "From Big Rice Lake." Twohearts and his son joined the party to proceed to (Big) Rice Lake and stopping a mile west of Spence's camp on the north shore of the lake, he pointed to where the sample has been taken but nothing except float quartz could be found.

Pelletier was desirous of finding a rock outcrop so he called on the men to gather wood to make a fire. The dogs were unhitched and tied up to rest; the party removed their snowshoes which were used to shift the deep snow. Next wood was set afire to expose the bedrock. In the meantime the usual bush lunch was prepared. When the outcrop was laid bare and while strongly heated by the fire, Pelletier had the men throw water on the rock. Quartz cracked off in slabs and its unweathered surface was exposed. Sulphides were found and on closer scrutiny visible gold was seen. The staking out of the Gabrielle claim followed on March 6, 1911 the holder E. A. Pelletier.

Some prospecting equipment was moved from the Ojibway claim and Pelletier with an assistant, Alex Desautels, began preliminary work. On May 17, 1911, Desautel staked out the San Antonio claim and on the following day, May 18, Pelletier staked out the Rachel claim. These were the beginnings of what is now the property of San Antonio Gold Mines, Limited. Returning to Turtle Lake, Pelletier had Twohearts make a birch bark canoe which he used later to transport several hundred pounds of samples from Rice Lake to Hecla on Lake Winnipeg and thence to Selkirk by a fishing boat.

Some years later Pelletier realized that he required financial assistance so he journeyed to Montreal to offer the property to the Timmins brothers of the Hollinger mine. Alphonse Pare, mining engineer, was sent to examine the claims and reported favourably but by this time Pelletier was averse to disposing of all the claims in one venture. Negotiations were discontinued and later Gabrielle Gold Mines Limited was formed by Pelletier. Stock was offered for sale in Winnipeg at 30 cents a share and the first advertising appearing in the Free Press brought the following comment in a day when the public were not quite so ready to venture as they were later:

"The sale of this stock by Fryer and Company caused considerable comment and much ridicule in Winnipeg, but there were a few so-called unbalanced people who with stealth and abandon bought a few shares from 50 to 100. But those purchasers did not want their names used or their friends to know that they had come to such a low level of financial hopes. However, the conservative statements of this first gold mining advertisement created interest as well as smiles. To strangers in Winnipeg the statements appeared of marked importance."

A new chapter was written into the mining history of Manitoba but Pelletier's property was then many years away from being a producing mine. Following the discovery of gold at Rice Lake, many claims were staked out in the area. Then came several years of fitful attempts at development in the area during which no prospect made a mine. Results so unsatisfactory cast doubt on the presence of gold in paying quantity.

The next chapter in the history of mining in Manitoba is concerned with since the coming into production of the Central Manitoba mine in the fall of 1927, which time there has been a steady production of gold from that area even though Central Manitoba mine had ceased operations in 1937, after mining gold ore to the value of $4,118,311.

The San Antonio mine adds to that chapter. As early as 1919 J. D. Perrin, now president of San Antonio Gold Mines, Limited, hired what is believed to have been the first aeroplane used in mining work to get J. B. Tyrrell out of the Rice Lake area after he had examined the San Antonio property. It was pretty much of an open air machine. A snow storm came on forcing Perrin and Tyrrell to turn back and later Tyrrell got out of the area by dog team.

In the development of the San Antonio mine three names stand out - J. D. Perrin, D. J. Kennedy, now deceased, but its first general manager, and John A. Reid, consulting mining engineer of Toronto. The successful position of the company today is the outcome of faith in the venture, efficient direction of its development and accurate deductions from geological study. The mine began production in 1932, and milled ore at the rate of 150 tons a day. It paid its first dividend in 1934 and has continued to do so since that year.

There were times in the career of the San Antonio mine that were discouraging. Financing was not easy until 1930, but D. J. Kennedy was convinced, as was his president, J. D. Perrin, that the mine had merits. At one time when finances were low and there wasn't enough money in the treasury to buy steel rails on which to tram with cars, Kennedy turned to an antiquated device the wheelbarrow an almost unpardonable offense in a gold mine to move the broken rock in opening up a high-grade shoot in the No. 16 vein.

The Timmins Brothers of Hollinger fame were induced to invest some money in the San Antonio mine. That was the turning point and from that time even if the mine had only 61,000 tons of $12 to $14 rock in reserve, the San Antonio went on producing. As yet it was a one vein (No. 16) mine when a second turn came in the tide of success with the discovery of the No. 26 vein in 1933, and an outstanding development followed in that year. San Antonio was no longer a struggling prospect. The daily mill rate was raised to 275 tons. But No. 26 vein had its day. It sparked the life of the mine in placing large ore reserves in sight rapidly and supplied the key for the planning of future developments. Veins such as the 36, 38, 40, 42, 50 and 54 have been discovered successively at depth while No. 16 continued its existence to the 16th level (2400-foot). At the end of 1948 San Antonio was pursuing development to a depth of 3.450 feet. Its ore reserves at the end of 1948 were estimated at 720,000 tons or enough for more than four years of milling at its present mill capacity, 550 tons a day. To the end of 1948 San Antonio had produced $22,311,164 in gold from 2,054,537 tons of ore. Dividends amounting to $5,839,838 had been paid.

About the north shore of Rice Lake there has grown a community which is a credit to the mining company and its employees alike. It is one of these tidy communities in which the homes, the school and the playground reflect the good feeling that animates those who work in the San Antonio's mine and mill. Removed some 125 miles from city life it lacks nothing that is desired in wholesome, healthy community life.
South-eastern Manitoba may he able to claim that it was one of the first areas in the Province to record the discovery of gold but it cannot claim to be the first gold producer.

The next post will cover more of the recent history from 1948 to present. More information on the Rice Lake and San Gold mines can be found on the San Gold Corporation Website